Michael Reed Krein and “Harmony: Three Adagios for Winds, Strings, and Harp”

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Michael Reed Krein (b. 1956) is an American composer.  He was born in 1956 and has been composing music since the early 1970s. Early on, as a teen living in Las Vegas, he studied clarinet with Jim Sherman and piano with Buddy Hill. He enjoyed leading the clarinet section of various ensembles and was principle clarinet for Dr. Harold Boyce at Valley High School from 1973 to 1975. In May of 1981, Krein received a B.S. in Physics from Harvey Mudd College and worked in the Defense Industry in California for over 20 years, composing music all the while. In the late 1990s he found himself beset with muscular dystrophy. Within a few years this degenerative condition had ended his career and changed his life.  Returning to Las Vegas to live with family and meet new friends, he still composes music, but his output is not what it used to be.

His first 27 compositions were all for solo piano. In the early 1990s, he began writing for orchestra, and a few years later, vocal ensemble as well. Of late he has begun writing for his instrument, the clarinet, and hopes to have music for it available soon. His compositional interests have spanned many styles—from Renaissance counterpoint of centuries ago, to modern tonal works rooted in lyrical expression; from short pieces of under a minute, to longer works of more than an hour; from simple and easy to complex and challenging. His music is lyrical and emotional, often visual, with some minimalist tendencies.  He says that the dark stuff comes easy for him, but he has endeavored in most of his work to retain an expression of hope.

Harmony was the processional for the wedding of his sister, Karla Krein, to Kevin Kirk on the 26th of June, 1994. A week prior to the wedding, Michael’s mother put him in charge of music for the occasion, and it occurred to him that maybe he should write something for the bride and groom.  Harmony, consisting of three adagios, was written for small orchestra, so that it could conceivably be performed live at ambitious weddings, and includes one each of flute, English horn, clarinet, French horn, and bassoon, along with timpani, harp, and strings.  The piece was premiered April 25th, 2000, by the Dubuque Community String Orchestra, Tracey Rush conducting.

My collection includes the following work by Michael Reed Krein:

Harmony: Three Adagios for Winds, Strings, and Harp (1994).

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Edmund L. Gruber and “The Caissons Go Rolling Along”

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Edmund Louis “Snitz” Gruber (November 11, 1879 – May 30, 1941) was an artillery officer and general in the United States Army who also gained popularity as composer of military music and served as Commandant of the C, on November 11, 1879. His family had a musical background. His ancestor, Franz Gruber, composed the music to the classic Christmas song “Silent Night.”  He attended the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, from June 19, 1900, to June 15, 1904, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Artillery Corps. He first served with Field Artillery units at Fort Riley at Junction City, Kansas; Fort Douglas, Utah; and the first Fort D.A. Russell (later called Fort Francis E. Warren) at Cheyenne, Wyoming, from 1904 to 1906. In February 1906 he sailed for the Philippine Islands where he served until April 1908.

Promoted to first lieutenant on January 25, 1907, Gruber returned to the United States and was stationed at Fort Leavenworth at Leavenworth, Kansas, until the summer of 1908, when he was ordered to Fort Riley, Kansas, as a student officer at the mounted Service School. He was graduated in the summer of 1909, when he again was ordered to the Philippine Islands where he served at Fort William McKinley until April 1910.  Upon his return from the Philippine Islands, he was stationed for several months at the Presidio of San Francisco, California. He was then ordered to Germany as a student officer at the Imperial Military Riding School at Hanover. He served on that assignment until August 1912, when he was graduated. Returning to the United States, he was detailed to duty as an instructor in equitation at the Mounted Service School at Fort Riley, Kansas, until December 1912, when he joined the 5th Field Artillery at Fort Sill at Lawton, Oklahoma, with which regiment he served until July 1914. He again was assigned as an instructor at the Mounted Service School at Fort Riley, Kansas, until January 1915, when he rejoined the 5th Field Artillery at Fort Sill, where he was stationed until June 1915.

Gruber was promoted to captain on July 1, 1916, and to lieutenant colonel (temporary) on August 5, 1917.  His next assignment was to the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, as an instructor in the Department of Tactics, in which capacity he served until August 1917. He subsequent assignments during World War I included the command of the 332d Field Artillery at Camp Grant, Illinois, from August to December 1917; command of the 116th Field Artillery at Camp Wheeler at Macon, Georgia, from January to March 1918; duty as Assistant to the Chief of Field Artillery in Washington, D.C., from March to May 1918; command of the Field Artillery Brigade Firing Center at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, from May to October 1918, having been promoted to colonel (temporary) on July 30, 1918; duty in the Office of the Chief of Field Artillery, Washington, D.C., in November 1918; and an assignment with the War Plans Division of the War Department General Staff, Washington, D.C., from December 1918 to October 1919.

Resigning from the Regular Army on October 28, 1919, Gruber became president and superintendent of the Kentucky Military Institute at Lyndon, Kentucky. He was re-commissioned in the Regular Army and was reappointed as a major of Field Artillery on July 1, 1920.  From December 1920 to July 1922 he was Assistant Commandant of the Field Artillery School at Fort Bragg at Fayetteville, North Carolina. The newly established school was expected to attract officers from all over the country to Camp Bragg, considered by artillerymen as the Army’s best practice range. MAJ Gruber was Camp Bragg Commander from February 1, 1921, to February 15, 1921.  From August 1922 to July 1923, he was a student officer at the General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Completing that course as a distinguished graduate, he was assigned to duty as an instructor at the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas, in which capacity he served until June 1926. He then was ordered to Washington, D.C., as a student officer at the Army War College. He was graduated in June 1927 and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where he served for five years as instructor at the Command and General Staff School,

Gruber was promoted to lieutenant colonel on January 7, 1929, and from September 1932 to June 1935, he served in the Panama Canal Zone at Forts Davis and Clayton. Returning to the United States in the summer of 1935 he was promoted to colonel on August 1, 1935, and was detailed to duty with the War Department General Staff, serving with them in September 1939. He was then ordered to Fort Ethan Allen at Essex Junction, Vermont, where in October 1939, he was assigned as Chief of the Artillery Section of the 1st Division.  Promoted to brigadier general (temporary) on October 1, 1940, he became Commandant of the Command and General Staff School and Commanding General of the Seventh Corps Area, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, In October 1940.

Gruber was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, with the following citation: “He displayed exceptional ability in planning the organization of Field Artillery brigade firing centers; in April, 1918, established such a center at Fort Sill and during the remainder of the war displayed rare judgment and high professional attainments in the administration of this center.”  He was one of the most popular artillerymen of his time and was a noted Army polo team champion, but he would make his enduring mark with music. He was the author and composer of the 5th Artillery Regimental song, titled “The Caissons Go Rolling Along.”  This was transformed into a march by John Philip Sousa in 1917 and renamed “The Field Artillery Song.”  In the late evening hours of May 30, 1941, Gruber died unexpectedly during a game of bridge. He was cremated and his ashes were interred in the Arlington National Cemetery.  His song was adopted in 1956 as the official song of the United States Army and retitled, “The Army Goes Rolling Along.”  It is typically called “The Army Song.”

The following work by Edmund L. Gruber is contained in my collection:

The Caissons Go Rolling Along.

Roger Greenaway and “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing”

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Roger John Reginald Greenaway (born August 23, 1938) is an English songwriter and record producer, best known for his collaborations with Roger Cook, whose compositions have included “You’ve Got Your Troubles” and the transatlantic million selling songs “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing (in Perfect Harmony)” and “Long Cool Woman in a Black Dress.”  Greenaway was born on August 23, 1938, in Fishponds, Bristol, England.   Both Greenaway and Roger Cook were members of the close harmony group the Kestrels. While on tour they decided to begin writing songs together. Their first was “You’ve Got Your Troubles”, a No. 2 U.K. hit single for the Fortunes (1965), which also made No. 7 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.  It was the first of several successes they enjoyed during the next few years. Later that year they began recording together as David and Jonathan. Their first single “Laughing Fit To Cry” did not chart, but they scored hits in 1966 with their cover version of the Beatles’ “Michelle” and their own “Lovers of the World Unite.”  Their penultimate single, “Softly Whispering I Love You”, in 1967, was not a success at the time, but became a No. 4 U.K. hit in 1971 for the Congregation. In 1968 Cook and Greenaway announced that they would no longer be recording as a duo but would continue as songwriters.

The hits by Greenaway and Cook as writers for other acts, sometimes with other collaborators, include: “Home Lovin’ Man” (Andy Williams); “Blame it on the Pony Express” (Johnny Johnson and the Bandwagon); “Hallejuah” (Deep Purple); “Doctor’s Orders” (Sunny (U.K.) and Carol Douglas (U.S.)); “It Makes No Difference” (Joe Dolan); “Something Tells Me (Something Is Gonna Happen Tonight)” (Cilla Black); “I’ve Got You On My Mind”, “When You Are a King”, “My Baby Loves Lovin'” (White Plains); “Long Cool Woman in a Black Dress”, “Gasoline Alley Bred”, (The Hollies); “You’ve Got Your Troubles”, “Freedom Come, Freedom Go” (The Fortunes); “Banner Man”, “Melting Pot”, “Good Morning Freedom” (Blue Mink); “Green Grass” (Gary Lewis & the Playboys); “New Orleans” (Harley Quinne); “A Way of Life” (The Family Dogg) and “Something’s Gotten Hold of My Heart” (Gene Pitney).   They also wrote “High and Dry” (Cliff Richard), which was the runner-up for the UK Eurovision Song Contest entry in 1968.

When Blue Mink were formed in 1969, Greenaway was asked to be lead vocalist alongside Madeline Bell; he declined the offer and recommended Cook, who accepted.  The following year Greenaway teamed up for a while with singer Tony Burrows to form the Pipkins, a duo who had a Top 10 novelty hit in 1970 with “Gimme Dat Ding.”  Also in 1970, he was briefly a member of Brotherhood of Man, who scored a U.K. and U.S. top 20 hit with “United We Stand.”  The New Seekers’ “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing (in Perfect Harmony)” began life as a Cook–Greenaway collaboration called “True Love and Apple Pie,” recorded by Susan Shirley. The song was then rewritten by Cook, Greenaway, Coca-Cola advertising executive Bill Backer, and Billy Davis, and recorded as a Coca-Cola radio commercial, with the lyric “I’d like to buy the world a Coke and keep it company.” First aired on American radio in 1970, it was also used as a TV commercial a year later, sparking public demand for its release as a single. Reworked, again, to remove the references to the brand name, the single climbed to No. 1 in the U.K. and No. 7 in the U.S. in 1972. The song has sold over a million copies in the U.K.

Greenaway and Cook were the first UK songwriting partnership to be granted an Ivor Novello Award as ‘Songwriters of the Year’ in two successive years.   After Cook moved to the U.S. in 1975, Greenaway worked with other partners, notably Geoff Stephens, both being jointly responsible for Dana’s 1975 UK No. 4 song, “It’s Gonna be a Cold Cold Christmas”, and Crystal Gayle’s 1980 U.S. No. 1 country song, “It’s Like We Never Said Goodbye.”   With Barry Mason he penned “Say You’ll Stay Until Tomorrow” for Tom Jones, which spent ten weeks within the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot Country Singles (now Hot Country Songs) chart, and went to No. 1 for one week on February 26, 1977.  Greenaway took an increasing role in business administration, becoming Chairman of the Performing Right Society in 1983 and, in 1995, taking charge of the European ASCAP office.  He also wrote advertising jingles for Allied Carpets, Asda, and British Gas.   In 1998, he was awarded the Order of the British Empire for services to the music industry.  In 2009, Greenaway was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in New York.

My collection includes the following work by Roger Greenaway:

I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing.

When Criticism Hurts the Most

When Criticism Hurts the Most
by Kathryn Frazier, Crosswalk Homeschool (Monday, October 31, 2011)

You are enjoying the fresh air and sunshine in your backyard. Your little boys are catching lizards, discussing the characteristics of reptiles and how cold-blooded animals regulate body temperature. Your preschooler, not impressed with such critters, is picking a bunch of flowers. She notes the colors of the flowers and sorts them by type. You leisurely chat about the beauty of her bouquet, photosynthesis, and the importance of caring for our natural environment. Your teenager is stretched out on a lawn chair, soaking in the rays and reading Little Women. Homeschooling at its best. Right in the middle of this beautiful morning, Cousin Tom drops by to return a borrowed jigsaw. Looking around at all the fun, he laughs, and says that it must be nice to play hooky every day.

Instantly you bristle. But what do you say? Do you launch into a lecture on the philosophy of student-directed learning? Do you say that you are just taking a break, and assure him that your children are at the books all day? Do you ignore him? Make a joke? Do you make a mental note not to allow the children to be outside until the afternoons?

Read more:

http://www.crosswalk.com/family/homeschool/when-criticism-hurts-the-most-11554141.html

Kathryn Frazier homeschools in freedom with her husband and five children in Tampa, Florida. She can be reached at kathryn.writes@hotmail.com.

This article was originally published in the Sep/Oct ’07 issue of Home School Enrichment Magazine. For more details, visit http://HomeSchoolEnrichment.com

German Valley Lutheran School, Dane Co., WI

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German Valley Evangelical Lutheran Parochial School

Erbe Rd.(2.5 miles off Highway 18/151)

Dane County, WI

Dane County, WI, was settled by families from Hesse, a region in Germany, beginning in the 1840s.  German Valley Lutheran Church was erected shortly after the land was purchased in 1867 from Justus Heuser.  After the construction of the church building was completed, the congregation built the German Valley Parochial School.  All classes were taught in German.  Religion and Christian values were included.  Because most of the residents were farmer, classes were held only during the winter months.  The school remained active through the early 1900s until it closed due to the anti-German sentiment following World War I.  The building was sold in 1923 and moved to a nearby farm where it was used for storage.  German Valley Lutheran Church changed its name to Immanuel Lutheran Church in 1941 at the onset of World War II.  In 1997 Dale Arneson and Verlyn Edseth purchased the run-down old school and moved it to its current site.  They worked for many months, with the help of several other members from the church, to restore the building’s exterior and interior to their original condition.

http://wisconsinhistoricalmarkers.blogspot.com/2015/10/german-valley.html

http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=75828

http://www.mthorebhistory.org/immanuel-lutheran-church.html

C. S. Grafulla and Washington Grays

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Claudio S. Grafulla (1812–1880) was a British-born American composer during the 19th Century, most noted for martial music for regimental bands during the early days of the American Civil War.  Grafulla was born in 1812 on Minorca, an island off the coast of Spain that was occupied by the British after the Napoleonic wars. At the age of 28, he emigrated to the United States, where he became a French horn player in Napier Lothian’s New York Brass Band in New York City. This band was attached to the 7th Regiment of the New York National Guard, which was later honored in 1922 by John Philip Sousa’s The Gallant Seventh march. In 1860, Grafulla added woodwinds to a reorganized band and continued to serve as its director until his death.

Grafulla was a quiet, unassuming man who never married; his whole life centered on his music. His remarkable technical and musical skills allowed him to become well known as a composer, often writing music to order, and as an arranger.  His hallmark Port Royal Band Books were composed and arranged for the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment Band, when it was formed for service during the Civil War. As a director of the 7th Regiment Band, his fame spread widely.  Grafulla composed his most famous work, Washington Grays, in 1861 for the 8th Regiment, New York State Militia. This work has been called a march masterpiece, a band classic, and the prototype of the concert march. Showing the stylistic influence of both German and Italian marches, the march has a marvelous balance of technique and melody in a continuous flow of musical ideas. It dared to break the old formulas, however, because it has no introduction, no break strain, and no stinger.  Curiously, long after Grafulla’s death in 1880, during the presidential contest of 1896, while McKinley and Bryan were debating the burning issue of a silver vs. gold monetary standard, Grafulla’s publishers issued a Solid Money March under the palindrome, “C.S.Allufarg.”

The following work by C. S. Grafulla is contained in my collection:

Washington Grays.

Ron Goodwin and 633 Squadron Main Title

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Ronald Alfred “Ron” Goodwin (February 17, 1925–January 8, 2003) was an English composer and conductor known for his film music, who scored over 70 films in a career lasting over fifty years with his most famous works including Where Eagles Dare, Battle of Britain, 633 Squadron, and Operation Crossbow.  Goodwin was born on February 17, 1925, in Plymouth, Devon, England, to James Goodwin (died 1952), a policeman with the Metropolitan Police Force and Bessie Violet Goodwin née Godsland (died 1966). The family originally came from London, but had moved to Devon due to James being assigned to security work at the naval dockyard in Devon. Goodwin learned to play the piano by the age of five and returned to London four years later, where he attended Willesden county grammar school. While there, he learned to play the trumpet and performed regularly in the school band. When he was nine, upon the outbreak of World War II, the family moved to Harrow, London, and Goodwin attended Willesden County School and Pinner county grammar school in Middlesex.  It was here that he formed his own band – Ron Goodwin and the Woodchoppers. He later studied the trumpet in London at the Guildhall School of Music.

In 1943 after a brief spell as an insurance clerk, Goodwin joined Campbell, Connelly and Company, a music publisher.  His job was a copyist and arranger and went on to work in that role for the BBC.  He entered the world of movie music through documentary films, which he said was very good training. He worked as a ghostwriter for Phil Green, Stanley Black, Geraldo and Peter Yorke among others. From 1949 Goodwin conducted for the Polygon company, arranging and conducting recordings of Petula Clark and Jimmy Young, including the latter’s 1951 U.K. no. 1 hit “Too Young.”  In the 1950s he joined Parlophone, and worked alongside George Martin. He accompanied Peter Sellers on his Goodness Gracious Me album, and began to broadcast and make records with his Ron Goodwin Concert Orchestra.

In 1953 Goodwin began arranging and conducting more than 300 recordings for over fifty artists, which resulted in more than 100 chart successes. He simultaneously made his own series of recordings and broadcasts as Ron Goodwin and his Concert Orchestra, and in addition began to compose scores for documentary films at Merton Park Studios. In 1958, Goodwin wrote his first feature film score, Man with a Gun, which was quickly followed by The Witness and then Whirlpool with screenplay by Lawrence P. Bachmann a year later.  After Bachmann became executive producer at MGM British Studios in 1959, Goodwin composed and conducted the music for most of its productions, as well as working for other film studios. His singles work included recordings with jazz and calypso singer Frank Holder.

Goodwin is primarily known for his film music and worked on more than 70 scores during his career.  Early minor film success followed with several films until 1961 when he composed scores for the first of four Miss Marple films starring Margaret Rutherford, entitled Murder, She Said (1961). He later went on to compose for the remaining three Miss Marple films Murder at the Gallop (1963), Murder Most Foul (1963) and Murder Ahoy (1964). He scored two horror films, Village of the Damned (1960) and its sequel Children of the Damned (1964). His war films are particularly well remembered. These include 633 Squadron (1964), Operation Crossbow (1965), Where Eagles Dare (1968), Battle of Britain (1969), for which he (mostly) replaced William Walton, and Force Ten from Navarone (1978). After requests from the RAF military band, the opening from Battle of Britain, originally titled Luftwaffe March, was retitled Aces High and is now regularly played by military bands in the U.K.

Goodwin wrote the scores for Of Human Bondage (1964), Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines (1965), Alfred Hitchcock’s Frenzy (1972, replacing Henry Mancini), two movies featuring Morecambe and Wise, and the Norman Wisdom film, The Early Bird (1965).  Goodwin’s score for the 1966 film The Trap is now used by the BBC as the theme to the London Marathon coverage. A 30-second variation of his 1969 composition for the film Monte Carlo or Bust is used as the intro for the BBC Radio Four panel game I’m Sorry I Haven’t a Clue.  In 1972, he recorded Somebody Named Ron Goodwin Plays Somebody Named Burt Bacharach and recorded internationally, winning gold and platinum discs awarded by EMI.   Goodwin wrote several Disney film scores during the 1970s, including the one used for One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing (1975). He also composed the music and lyrics for a series of animated films. These included The Selfish Giant (1971), The Happy Prince (1974), and The Little Mermaid (also 1974). Goodwin was nominated for the Golden Globe award for best original score for the movie Frenzy (1972).  Goodwin’s last film score was for the Danish-made animation film Valhalla in 1986. He composed the Yorkshire Television start up music used from their launch in July 1968 to the early 1980s before ITV had breakfast television.  Goodwin wrote the television advertising jingles such as Noddy’s chant, “I like Ricicles: they’re twicicle as nicicles”, and the “Mr. Sheen shines umpteen things clean” song, inspired by Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines.

By 1987, Goodwin had begun concentrating on live orchestral performances which included his “Drake 400 Suite” in (1980) and “Armada Suite” in (1988).   His “New Zealand Suite” in (1983) marked a long association with the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Goodwin appeared as guest conductor with many symphony orchestras at home and abroad including the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Hallé Orchestra, Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Ulster Orchestra, Detroit Symphony Orchestra, New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Singapore Symphony Orchestra, Australian Pops Orchestra, Danish Radio Orchestra and the BBC Concert Orchestra. Goodwin was guest conductor at the Royal Academy of Music’s Festival of British and American Film Music in June 1996.

Goodwin was married twice and had a son, Chris. Goodwin was enthusiastic about work with young people and was heavily involved with the Hampshire County Youth Orchestra, Worthing Youth Orchestra, City of Leeds College of Music and the City of Birmingham Schools’ Concert Orchestra.  In December 2002, he completed his 32nd consecutive year of Christmas concerts in packed venues across the South of England. However, he had suffered from asthma for many years and the condition had worsened with age. On January 7, 2003, having completed conducting Christmas concerts with the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, he returned home and died in his sleep at Blacknest Cottage, Brimpton Common, Berkshire, on January 8, 2003, aged 77.  His body is buried at St Paul’s Churchyard, Ashford Hill, Kingsclere, Hampshire, England.

My collection includes the following work by Ron Goodwin:

633 Squadron (1964): Main Title.