Edmund Louis “Snitz” Gruber (November 11, 1879 – May 30, 1941) was an artillery officer and general in the United States Army who also gained popularity as composer of military music and served as Commandant of the C, on November 11, 1879. His family had a musical background. His ancestor, Franz Gruber, composed the music to the classic Christmas song “Silent Night.” He attended the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, from June 19, 1900, to June 15, 1904, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Artillery Corps. He first served with Field Artillery units at Fort Riley at Junction City, Kansas; Fort Douglas, Utah; and the first Fort D.A. Russell (later called Fort Francis E. Warren) at Cheyenne, Wyoming, from 1904 to 1906. In February 1906 he sailed for the Philippine Islands where he served until April 1908.
Promoted to first lieutenant on January 25, 1907, Gruber returned to the United States and was stationed at Fort Leavenworth at Leavenworth, Kansas, until the summer of 1908, when he was ordered to Fort Riley, Kansas, as a student officer at the mounted Service School. He was graduated in the summer of 1909, when he again was ordered to the Philippine Islands where he served at Fort William McKinley until April 1910. Upon his return from the Philippine Islands, he was stationed for several months at the Presidio of San Francisco, California. He was then ordered to Germany as a student officer at the Imperial Military Riding School at Hanover. He served on that assignment until August 1912, when he was graduated. Returning to the United States, he was detailed to duty as an instructor in equitation at the Mounted Service School at Fort Riley, Kansas, until December 1912, when he joined the 5th Field Artillery at Fort Sill at Lawton, Oklahoma, with which regiment he served until July 1914. He again was assigned as an instructor at the Mounted Service School at Fort Riley, Kansas, until January 1915, when he rejoined the 5th Field Artillery at Fort Sill, where he was stationed until June 1915.
Gruber was promoted to captain on July 1, 1916, and to lieutenant colonel (temporary) on August 5, 1917. His next assignment was to the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, as an instructor in the Department of Tactics, in which capacity he served until August 1917. He subsequent assignments during World War I included the command of the 332d Field Artillery at Camp Grant, Illinois, from August to December 1917; command of the 116th Field Artillery at Camp Wheeler at Macon, Georgia, from January to March 1918; duty as Assistant to the Chief of Field Artillery in Washington, D.C., from March to May 1918; command of the Field Artillery Brigade Firing Center at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, from May to October 1918, having been promoted to colonel (temporary) on July 30, 1918; duty in the Office of the Chief of Field Artillery, Washington, D.C., in November 1918; and an assignment with the War Plans Division of the War Department General Staff, Washington, D.C., from December 1918 to October 1919.
Resigning from the Regular Army on October 28, 1919, Gruber became president and superintendent of the Kentucky Military Institute at Lyndon, Kentucky. He was re-commissioned in the Regular Army and was reappointed as a major of Field Artillery on July 1, 1920. From December 1920 to July 1922 he was Assistant Commandant of the Field Artillery School at Fort Bragg at Fayetteville, North Carolina. The newly established school was expected to attract officers from all over the country to Camp Bragg, considered by artillerymen as the Army’s best practice range. MAJ Gruber was Camp Bragg Commander from February 1, 1921, to February 15, 1921. From August 1922 to July 1923, he was a student officer at the General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Completing that course as a distinguished graduate, he was assigned to duty as an instructor at the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas, in which capacity he served until June 1926. He then was ordered to Washington, D.C., as a student officer at the Army War College. He was graduated in June 1927 and was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where he served for five years as instructor at the Command and General Staff School,
Gruber was promoted to lieutenant colonel on January 7, 1929, and from September 1932 to June 1935, he served in the Panama Canal Zone at Forts Davis and Clayton. Returning to the United States in the summer of 1935 he was promoted to colonel on August 1, 1935, and was detailed to duty with the War Department General Staff, serving with them in September 1939. He was then ordered to Fort Ethan Allen at Essex Junction, Vermont, where in October 1939, he was assigned as Chief of the Artillery Section of the 1st Division. Promoted to brigadier general (temporary) on October 1, 1940, he became Commandant of the Command and General Staff School and Commanding General of the Seventh Corps Area, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, In October 1940.
Gruber was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, with the following citation: “He displayed exceptional ability in planning the organization of Field Artillery brigade firing centers; in April, 1918, established such a center at Fort Sill and during the remainder of the war displayed rare judgment and high professional attainments in the administration of this center.” He was one of the most popular artillerymen of his time and was a noted Army polo team champion, but he would make his enduring mark with music. He was the author and composer of the 5th Artillery Regimental song, titled “The Caissons Go Rolling Along.” This was transformed into a march by John Philip Sousa in 1917 and renamed “The Field Artillery Song.” In the late evening hours of May 30, 1941, Gruber died unexpectedly during a game of bridge. He was cremated and his ashes were interred in the Arlington National Cemetery. His song was adopted in 1956 as the official song of the United States Army and retitled, “The Army Goes Rolling Along.” It is typically called “The Army Song.”
The following work by Edmund L. Gruber is contained in my collection:
The Caissons Go Rolling Along.