Stone Cabin – Liberty Schoolhouse. Delaware, OH

OLD SCHOOL OF THE DAY

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Stone Cabin – Liberty Schoolhouse

4919 Chapman Road

Delaware, OH 43015

Part of the Olentangy River Scenic corridor, the Stone Cabin is minutes from major roads and attractions. Built in 1826 from river stone, it began as a Liberty Township one room schoolhouse, one of the oldest structures in Delaware County, and also served as a meeting place for the township when they were under threat of attack from Native American settlements. Situated on a one acre lot, the property is directly across from the 200 year old Bieber Mill Ruins along the Olentangy River to the east. Adjacent to the west and the south of the property is the Seymour Woods Nature Preserve, a no hunting Ohio Department of Natural resources protected area. The road is very quiet, often with more bike riders passing than cars.  The Bieber Mill ruins area is supposed to be off limits.  The Seymour Woods has beautiful walking trails located at the top of the hill on Winter Rd. The woods are immediately behind the cabin, but that area has some brambles. The best paths are up Winter Rd.  Deer are very active during the dawn and dusk hours.

There is a gate immediately in front of the cabin which swings out toward the road with parking in front of the cabin. This old stone school was beautifully renovated by Klaus Gauer in 2008. The space is set up for a romantic retreat or for entertaining a small group of friends. Being a 200 year old stone building, it is not well arranged for small children or people with mobility issues.  It has all new interior exposing all the stone walls, new kitchen, bath, windows, electric heat with window air conditioner, new bamboo flooring, and new synthetic slate roof on main structure. The spiral stairs to the loft are fairly narrow and can be difficult to maneuver. The sleeping loft overlooks great room.  Fully renovated, it retains its rustic charm, with the comforts of home.

Johann Joseph Fux and Musica Imperiale

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Johann Joseph Fux (c. 1660 –February 13, 1741) was an Austrian composer, one of the most successful of his time, music theorist, and pedagogue of the late Baroque era who is most famous as the author of Gradus ad Parnassum, a treatise on counterpoint, which has become the single most influential book on the Palestrinian style of Renaissance polyphony, as almost all modern courses on Renaissance counterpoint, a mainstay of college music curricula, are indebted in some degree to this work by Fux.  Fux was born around 1660 to a peasant family in Hirtenfeld, Styria, Austria. Relatively little is known about his early life, but it is likely that he went to nearby Graz for music lessons. In 1680 he was accepted at the Jesuit university there, where his musical talent became apparent. From 1685 until 1688 he served as organist at St. Moritz in Ingolstadt. Sometime during this period he must have made a trip to Italy, as evidenced by the strong influence of Corelli and Bolognese composers on his work of the time.

By the 1690s Fux was in Vienna, and was organist at the Schottenkirche in Vienna in 1696. Also in 1696 he got married.  Two years later, he attracted the attention of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I with some masses he composed; the emperor was sufficiently impressed by them to assist him with his career after this point. In 1698, Leopold hired him as court composer.  Fux traveled again to Italy, studying in Rome in 1700; it may have been here that he acquired the veneration for Palestrina which was so consequential for music pedagogy.  Fux served Leopold I until the emperor’s death, and two more Habsburg emperors after that, Joseph I, and Charles VI, both of whom continued to employ him in high positions in the court. In addition, he held the posts of deputy kapellmeister (1705–12), kapellmeister (1712–15), and court kapellmeister (1715–41) at St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna.   Fux was famous as a composer throughout this period, his fame being eclipsed only later in the 18th century as the Baroque style died out. Although his music only recently regained favor, his mastery of counterpoint influenced countless composers through his treatise Gradus ad Parnassum (1725).

The Gradus ad Parnassum (Steps or Ascent to Mount Parnassus) is a theoretical and pedagogical work written by Fux in Latin.  Fux dedicated it to Emperor Charles VI.  The work is divided into two major parts. In the first part, Fux presents a summary of the theory on Musica Speculativa, or the analysis of intervals as proportions between numbers.  The second part, on Musica Pratica, is the section of this treatise where the author presents his instruction on counterpoint, fugue, double counterpoint, a brief essay on musical taste, and his ideas on composing sacred music, writing in the a cappella and in the recitativo style. He also states that theory without practice is useless. Thus, his book stresses practice over theory.  While Gradus ad Parnassum is famous as the origin of the term “species counterpoint,” Fux was not the first one to invent the idea.  However, he presented the idea with a clarity and focus which made it famous as a teaching method.

Fux was a prolific composer of vocal and instrumental music. His works include 19 operas (Julo Ascanio, re d’Alba, 1708; Orfeo ed Euridice, 1715; Angelica, vinditrice di Alkina, 1723 – an example of the Colossal Baroque style), of which Costanza e fortezza (1723) is notable.  His instrumental pieces include 29 partitas collected in his Concentus musico-instrumentalis, 1701).    Fux also composed church music, including about 80 masses (Missa canonica, Missa Christi Corporis, Requiem K 51–53, Magnificat K 98, De Profundis), of which the Missa canonica, (1708), written in canon throughout, is particularly admired; and 10 oratorios (e.g., Il Fonte della Salute).  For the clavier, Fux composed five Partitas, a 20-minute Capriccio, a Ciaccona, an Harpeggio Prelude and Fugue, an Aria Passaggiata, and a set of twelve Minuets.  Fux frequently worked with theatrical engineer Giuseppe Galli Bibiena and poet and librettist Pietro Pariati.  He died on Feb. 13, 1741, in Vienna, Austria.

The following works by Johann Joseph Fux are contained in my CD collection:

Concerto, “Le Dolcezze e l’Amerezze Della Notte, E. 112.

Intrada in CM, E. 62.

Overture in dm, N. 4.

Rondeau, E. 111.

Suite in CM, N. 83.

Jacksonville #12 One-Room Schoolhouse, New Hampton, IA 

OLD SCHOOL OF THE DAY

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Jacksonville #12 One-Room Schoolhouse

170th St.

New Hampton, IA  50659

Locally known as Five Corners, the land for Adolph Munson Park was donated to Chickasaw County, Iowa, by Adolph Munson in 1957.  The town of Jacksonville which no longer exists once stood at this site.  This park has a couple old cabins moved here. A one-room school house and an old country store are maintained at Munson Park as a museum in Chickasaw County. The school was moved from 1/4 mile west so as to be part of the collection. These buildings are fitted with historical items.  Munson Park is bordered by a split rail fence.     Adolph Munson Park is located 3.5 miles north of New Hampton on Highway 63, and then 4.5 miles east on 170th St., the old Military Trail.  The park is open year round.  Appointments must be made with the Conservation Board to get into the buildings.  Visitors must leave the park by 10:30 p.m.

Corinth School, Muncie, IN

OLD SCHOOL OF THE DAY

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Corinth School

400 S. 200 W.

Muncie, IN 47302

Local fourth graders in Muncie, Indiana get a unique field trip each year to experience a piece of Indiana’s history at the restored 1900s Corinth School.  The Corinth one room school house is a tradition for Muncie, Indiana, public school students that are in the fourth grade. They go on a field trip to the school and spend the day learning like they did in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Corinth is the last one-room schoolhouse left in Delaware County. It was restored and has welcomed modern-day classes on field trips for years since 2001.  This little place hasn’t changed much over time.   The school was a one room school house that educated children in grades 1-6. While the one-room building, built in 1875, didn’t use utilities back in the day, modern state code requires heat and electricity.  But keeping costs low for students, just $2 each, leaves little money to cover utilities.  The nonprofit Friends of Corinth School is looking for more donations.  They will do everything they can to keep the building open, but money is a concern.

Students arrive in 1900s-style clothing. Girls wear bonnets and long skirts; boys wear suspenders. They stay in the 1900s all day, doing math and history lessons on slates with chalk and writing with ink wells and dip quills, which isn’t as easy as it sounds because the ink can get messy. The children really enjoy this field trip because they don’t have any concept of what school was like when all the grades, 1 through 6, were in the same classroom.  Perhaps the most baffling part to students is the outdoor bathroom. There are no bathrooms in the school. There is only an outhouse with no modern plumbing, although the toilets do have seats in order to meet state code.  The school marm explains that she wasn’t allowed to be a teacher and be married, and that the male teacher down the street made 20 cents more than she did.  It’s all part of the Indiana history that they are learning in the fourth grade. They can relate what they are reading in the books to their actual experiences.

Pittsboro 1883 One Room School # 3, Pittsboro, IN

OLD SCHOOL OF THE DAY

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Pittsboro 1883 One Room School # 3

206 N. Meridian Street

Pittsboro, IN 46167

The Pittsboro One Room School #3 was built in 1883. It was located on the farm currently owned by Frank McClung. Prior to this, it was a frame building, and was located on the Southwest corner of the Edgar Parker farm.  Many of the teachers drove their buggies to the closest residence, Otis Waters. Their horses were stabled there during the school day, and several of the teachers boarded at the Waters home. Ruth Case was the school marm in 1911-1912. She married Everett Sparks. Her books and teacher bell have been donated to the One Room School #3 by Stella Sparks.  The school was used until 1919-1920, and was then purchased by Frank Haynes to be used for grain storage. The building was inherited by his wife, Magnetta Haynes, and then by her two daughters, Edna McClung and Helen Haynes Williams. Frank McClung inherited it from his mother and aunt. Frank McClung sold the One Room School to North West Hendricks School Corporation for $1.00 when the One Room School Committee formed to renovate it.

     The One Room School Committee formed in February 1996.  Schmidt and Associates Architectural Firm did feasibility studies and determined that the 1883 One Room School could be moved four miles from Frank McClung’s farm north of Pittsboro to the grounds of Pittsboro Elementary School.  Dana Dillman chaired the One Room School Committee.  The One Room School Committee and many volunteers began work on the building.  A grant of $100,000 was received from the White Lick Heritage Community Foundation that allowed the One Room School committee to hire Tyler McKinney as construction manager and bid out work the committee could not do.  Old wooden shingles were removed and Tyler McKinney replaced them with new ones.  Missing bricks were replaced under the windows and all bricks were pointed.  The building was given a new floor, new plaster, custom made windows and electricity was installed for lighting.  Original wood was filled to allow much of the original window framing to be used.  The One Room School Committee painted the interior and exterior wood trim matching color chips of old plaster, etc.  The restoration was completed by April of 2000.  The first classes to attend were from Pittsboro and North Salem Elementary Schools.  After the initial pilot program, the One Room School was available for other schools and civic groups in August 2000.  At that time the building was completely restored and furnished with period antiques or reproductions.

Lyles Station Historical School & Museum, Princeton, IN

OLD SCHOOL OF THE DAY

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Lyles Station Historical School & Museum

953 N. County Rd. 500 W.

Princeton, IN 47670

Lyles Station is an unincorporated community in Patoka Township, Gibson County, Indiana. The community dates from 1849, although its early settlers first arrived in the 1830s, and it was formally named Lyles Station in 1886 to honor Joshua Lyles, a free African American who migrated with his family from Tennessee to Indiana around 1837. Lyles donated 6 acres of ground to the Old Airline Railroad to establish a rail station.  Lyles Station is one of Indiana’s early black rural settlements and the only one remaining. The rural settlement reached its peak in the years between 1880 and 1912, when major structures in the community included the railroad depot, a post office, a lumber mill, two general stores, two churches, and an elementary school. By the turn of the twentieth century, Lyles Station had fifty-five homes, with a population of more than 800 people. However, the 1913 Great Flood of the Patoka and Wabash Rivers, which destroyed much of the town, left a lot of the area under water, marking the start of the settlement’s decline.  The farming community never fully recovered from it.  Most of its residents left for economic reasons, seeking opportunities for higher paying jobs and additional education in larger cities. By 1997 approximately fifteen families remained at Lyles Station, nearly all of them descended from the original settlers.

Today, only a few homes remain in the community of Lyles Station but nearly half of the residents are descendants of the original black settlers. Along with the scattered houses, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, a grain elevator, and the schoolhouse are all that stand as a physical reminder of the once-thriving settlement of Lyles Station.  However, the spirit of freedom and perseverance which made the town prosper is still very much alive in the hearts and minds of those individuals who have worked to restore the Lyles Consolidated School building. In 1864 Joshua Lyles donated the land to build a school in the community. The first school in what became Lyles Stations was subscription school, where parents paid a fee for their children to attend. Established about 1865, its classes were held in a local church building. The community’s second school, a three-room schoolhouse, replaced the earlier school. It was built across the road from the Wayman Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church. Lyles Consolidated School was Lyles Station’s third school. Although the population of Lyles Station declined after the flood of 1913, a new school building was erected to educate the remaining children of the community; older schools at Lyles Station and nearby Sand Hill and Sugar Bluff were closed as part of a statewide trend towards school consolidation

The school opened in 1919 and was an integrated school until 1922, when it became an all-black public school. White students were enrolled at Baldwin Heights School in Patoka Township.  Lyles Stations’s school was integrated once again in the 1950s; it closed in 1958 due to declining enrollment.  Abandoned for nearly forty years, it had deteriorated almost to the point of total collapse by 1997. The Lyles Station Historic Preservation Corporation was founded in June 1997, to preserve and promote the history of the Lyles Station community. Its major project was restoration of the schoolhouse, intending to use it as a local heritage classroom, a living history museum to educate others both about Lyles Station’s history and the daily school routine in the early twentieth century, and a community center. The school was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999.  After decades of deterioration, fundraising efforts and additional grants provided the financial resources needed to restore the old building.  Ground breaking on the renovation project was held in June of 2002 and in May of 2003, restoration of the site was completed, and the dreams of preserving the Lyles Station legacy were realized with the opening of the restored Lyles Consolidated School.

Big Woods School, Aurora, IL

OLD SCHOOL OF THE DAY

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Big Woods School

3033 N. Eola Rd.

Aurora, Illinois

The Big Woods School is a historic one-room schoolhouse located at 3033 N. Eola Road in Aurora, Illinois. The school was built in 1917-18 to replace the original Big Woods School, which was built in the mid-19th century and had fallen into disrepair. The red brick school building has a Craftsman design. It was one of the first schoolhouses in DuPage County built after Illinois’ Sanitation Law of 1915, which created a set of modern safety and sanitation standards for the state’s public schools. The school’s plan is essentially the same as that recommended by the state, with considerations for playground space, lighting, ventilation, and indoor plumbing. In 1963, the school closed due to consolidation with two nearby schools, and the building was sold to a private owner; it is now owned by a not-for-profit preservation group.  The schoolhouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 21, 2016.