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Francisco M. daSilva and the Brazilian National Anth

francisco_manuel_da_silva_by_luis_aleixo_boulanger

Francisco Manuel daSilva (February 21, 1795 – December 18, 1865) was a Brazilian conductor, songwriter, and music professor. He was born on February 21, 1795, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  He began studying music as a boy with José Maurício Nunes Garcia, perhaps the biggest name of Brazilian colonial music.  At age 10 he studied cello, and was also taught most probably by Sigismund von Neukomm, learning violin, organ, piano, and composition.  He was a boy soprano singer in the Capela Real choir from 1809, and he joined the orchestra of the same institution as timpanist in 1823.  Later he was a second cello player (1825) in the court of King John VI.  Also he played the violin, piano and organ, in addition to organizing and leading musical ensembles, and stood out as a conductor and organized music education promoter in the country.  DaSilva had great prominence in the musical life of Rio de Janeiro in the period between the death of Garcia and the rise of Antônio Carlos Gomes  Also, he was one of the founders of the Imperial Academia de Música e Ópera Nacional (National Imperial Music and Opera Academy), and of the Sociedade Beneficência Musical e Conservatório Imperial de Música, which became Instituto Nacional de Música (Nacional Music Institute) and is now called Escola de Música da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro University Music School).

In 1833 DaSilva founded and was president of the Society of Musical Beneficence, which operated until 1890, and was regent of the Theater Lírico Fluminense, later transformed into the National Opera.   He was directly responsible for the Capela Imperial’s reinstatement and being restored to its old beauty. He left a handful of works, spread around Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, and São Paulo archives, covering gospel music, modinhas. and lundus.  Also he composed one opera, O prestigio da lei.   As a partisan of April 7 Revolution (1831), he wrote the melody for what became the Brazilian National Anthem, first as a patriotic march after Dom Pedro I’s resignation.  Later, in 1889, the lyrics were written by Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada, and the song, named Patrono da Cadeira, was officially adopted as the anthem of the Brazilian Republic.   Relying on the sympathy of the new emperor Dom Pedro II, he was appointed to the Imperial Chamber composer station in 1841 and the following year took over as master of chapel.  DaSilva died in Rio de Janeiro on December 18, 1865, at age 70.  His work of composition is not considered of great originality, although Ferial Mass and the Mass in E minor are interesting. Also he published several music textbooks

My collection includes the following work by Francisco M. daSilva:

Patria Amada, Brasil!

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